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Volume 7 , Issue 3 , September 2021 , Pages: 68 - 77
Smoking Behavior and Road Traffic Accidents: An Assessment of the Effectiveness of Tobacco Control Law in Bangladesh
Mohammad Mahbub Alam Talukder, Accident Research Institute (ARI), Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Tuhin Mia, Institute of Social Welfare and Research, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Nashir Uddin Shaikh, Institute of Education and Research, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Nasreen Sultana Chowdhury, Department of Sociology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Ismael, Institute of Education and Research, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Morshed Alam, Institute of Education and Research, Jagannath University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mohammad Ala Uddin, Institute of Social Welfare and Research, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Received: Jun. 26, 2021;       Accepted: Jul. 16, 2021;       Published: Aug. 2, 2021
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijtet.20210703.12        View        Downloads  
Abstract
(1) Background: As a common problem, Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs) is vastly experiencing by the present world and which is severe in Bangladesh. Nowadays the road traffic accidents have occurred by the tobacco consumption habits where mostly tobacco control law is avoided in Bangladesh. The study aims to investigate the effects of tobacco control law on road traffic accidents in Bangladesh. (2) Methods: This cross-sectional study included 424 questionnaire surveys with drivers (bus and truck) and 10 KIIs. Chi-squared tests were used to measure differences between various parameters (related to tobacco control law and RTAs), while logistic regression models were used to determine the relationship among tobacco control law, RTA risk factors and socio-demographic features. (3) Results: This study result shows 75.9% of respondents are tobacco users where 76.4% have knowledge about tobacco control law. About 93.4% know that smoking in public transports is strongly prohibited by the law where 80.7% of them abide by the tobacco control law daily. Therefore, about 64.6% of respondents were involved in RTAs. A statistically significant association was found between RTAs and knowledge of drivers about tobacco control law (p>0.013) and having knowledge on “smoking in public transports is prohibited by the law” (OR=2.945, p=0.016) is also strongly associated with road traffic accidents. (4) Conclusion: A vast majority of the heavy vehicle drivers are well known about tobacco control law and they are obliged to the law in public transports with satisfactory level.
Keywords
Tobacco, Consumption, Control Law, Road Traffic Accidents, Bangladesh
To cite this article
Mohammad Mahbub Alam Talukder, Md. Tuhin Mia, Nashir Uddin Shaikh, Nasreen Sultana Chowdhury, Md. Ismael, Morshed Alam, Mohammad Ala Uddin, Smoking Behavior and Road Traffic Accidents: An Assessment of the Effectiveness of Tobacco Control Law in Bangladesh, International Journal of Transportation Engineering and Technology. Vol. 7, No. 3, 2021, pp. 68-77. doi: 10.11648/j.ijtet.20210703.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2021 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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