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Volume 7 , Issue 2 , June 2021 , Pages: 48 - 59
Estimation of Critical Gap Using Maximum Likelihood Method at Unsignalized Intersection: A Case Study in Adama City, Ethiopia
Fikedu Rage Faye, Department of Civil Engineering, Mettu University, Mettu, Ethiopia
Received: May 29, 2021;       Accepted: Jul. 8, 2021;       Published: Jul. 15, 2021
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijtet.20210702.12        View        Downloads  
Abstract
Studying Critical gap and headway distribution has vital role in reduction of traffic problems. Critical gap and its distribution are traffic characteristics that are used in determination of capacity, delay and level of service at unsignalized intersection. Many study has been done on critical gap in developed countries under homogeneous traffic and road conditions. This study is aimed to insight available headway distribution and critical gap of driver in urban intersection under heterogeneous traffic condition and weak lane discipline in developing country like Ethiopia. In this paper three unsignalized intersection in Adama city has been selected on the basis of traffic volume and importance of the intersection. The primary data that were used for this study were traffic volume, available headways, waiting time, geometry of road. By using digital Camera, videos data were recorded; later quantitative data were extracted from videos. Two Statistical Packages that were used in analysis of this study. Statistical Package for Social Science Statistic 20 was used to fit best distribution model of headway. Kolmogorov Smirnov and Anderson Darling testing techniques were conducted to check validity of model for headways in different flow ranges. From hypothesized distributions, exponential, gamma, lognormal and normal distributions were selected for different intersection. It has been indicated that, for higher flow rate lognormal distribution model is best fit in estimating cumulative density function of headway. Critical gaps of drivers for three selected intersections were also computed by using maximum likelihood method. Through Comparison of estimated values indicates that, Franko intersection has highest critical gap of 5.17sec.
Keywords
Headway Distribution, Maneuver Type Maximum Likelihood, Waiting Time
To cite this article
Fikedu Rage Faye, Estimation of Critical Gap Using Maximum Likelihood Method at Unsignalized Intersection: A Case Study in Adama City, Ethiopia, International Journal of Transportation Engineering and Technology. Vol. 7, No. 2, 2021, pp. 48-59. doi: 10.11648/j.ijtet.20210702.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2021 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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