International Journal of Transportation Engineering and Technology

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Determination of the Influence of Project Planning on the Performance of Road Construction Project

The importance of road to man cannot be overemphasized. This is because road is one of the basic infrastructures to man. Effective project planning enhances its performance in terms of meeting the set objectives is very critical for any project. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of project planning on the performance of road construction. Data for the research was sourced through questionnaires, direct observation and Oral interview. The collected data was analyzed using percentages, regression tools in Eview8. The results were presented in pie charts and tables. The results from the findings show that 38.8% of the respondents strongly agreed to the fact that performance of road construction is greatly influenced by proper project planning, 42% agreed, 9.6% disagreed and 9.2% strongly disagreed. The regression result of the response had R2 of 0.555 and the P-Value was less than 0.05 which means that about 55.5% of road project performance is as a result of proper project planning. The finding summarized that high quality road construction can be used effectively in improving the road construction sector and improve the economy It was recommended that road construction firms should undergo proper checking on all levels of planning to improve performance of road projects.

Performance, Planning, Project, Road Construction

Nnadi Ezekiel Oluwaseun Ejiofor, Onyema Emmanuel Ovat. (2023). Determination of the Influence of Project Planning on the Performance of Road Construction Project. International Journal of Transportation Engineering and Technology, 9(2), 27-35.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Akali, T. & Sakaja, Y. [2018]. Influence of Contractors’ Financial Capacity on Performance of Road Construction in Kakamega County. American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences, 46 [1], 34-50.
2. Al-Ageeli, H. K., & Alzobaee, A. A. [2016]. Critical Success Factors in Construction Projects [Governmental Projects as a Case Study]. Journal of Engineering, 22, 129- 147.
3. Alaloul, W. S., Liew, M. S., & Zawawi, N. A. B. [2016]. A framework for coordination process into construction projects", MATEC Web of Conferences, EDP Sciences.
4. Al-Hazim, N., Salem, Z. A., & Ahmad, H. [2017]. Delay and Cost Overrun in Infrastructure Projects in Jordan. Procedia Engineering, 182, 18–24.
5. Al-Khattab, A., [2012]. Strategic Planning and Organizational Effectiveness in Jordanian Hotels. International Journal of Business and Management, 8, 1833-8119.
6. Alzahrani, J. I. & Emsley, M. W. [2013]. The impact of contractors’ attributes on construction project success: A post construction evaluation. International Journal of Project Management, 31 [2], 313-322.
7. Amade, B., Ubani, E. C., Amaeshi, U. F. & Okorocha, K. A. [2015]. Factors for Containing Failure and Abandonment of Public Sector Construction Projects in Nigeria. Journal of Building Performance, 6, 63–76.
8. Amade, B., Ubani, E. C., Omajeh, E. O., & Anita, A. U. [2015]. Critical Success Factors for Public Sector Construction Project Delivery: A Case of Owerri, Imo State. International Journal of Research in Management, Science and Technology, 3, 11-21.
9. Andersen, E. S., Birchall, D., Jessen, S. A, & Money, A. H. [2006]. Exploring Project Success. Baltic Journal of Management, 1, 127-147.
10. Andrew, E., Joana, G., Peter, M., & Alan, S. [2013] Exploring the front-end of project management. Engineering Project Organization Journal, 3 [2], 71- 85.
11. Attah, I. C. [2014]. Appraisal of construction management practice in Nigeria. Unpublished MSc Thesis, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nsukka – Nigeria.
12. Banihashemi, S., Hosseinib, M. R., Golizadehc, H., & Sankaranda, S. [2017]. Critical Success Factors [CSFs] for Integration of Sustainability into Construction Project Management Practices in Developing Countries. International Journal of Project Management, 2017, 1-17.
13. Berg, C., Deichmann, U. & Selod, H. [2015]. How roads support development.
14. Beuran, M., Gachassin, M., & Raballand, G. [2015]. Are there myths on road impact and transport in sub-Saharan Africa? Development Policy Review, 33 [5], 673–700.
15. Desai, M., [2013], Critical Causes of Delay in Residential Construction Projects; a case study of Central Gujarat Region of India.
16. Doan, P., & Oduro, C. Y. [2012]. Patterns of population growth in peri-urban Accra, Ghana. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 36 [6], 1306–1325.
17. Emam, H., Farrell, P., & Abdelaal, M. [2015]. Causes of delay on infrastructure projects in Qatar. In Proceedings of 31st Annual ARCOM Conference [773–782]. Linconln, UK: Association of Researchers in Construction Management.
18. Frefer, A. A., Mahmoud, M., Haleema, H. & Almamlook, R. [2018]. Overview Success Criteria and Critical Success Factors in Project Management. Industrial Engineering & Management, 7 [1], 1-6. doi:10.4172/2169-0316.1000244.
19. Gatimu, J. Gakuu, C. & Ndiritu, A. [2021]. Monitoring and Evaluation Practices and Performance of County Maternal Health Programmes. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 17 [37], 39-68.
20. Gudienė, N., Banaitis, A., & Banaitienė, N. [2013]. Evaluation of Critical Success Factors for Construction Projects - An Empirical Study in Lithuania. International Journal of Strategic Property Management, 17, 21-31.
21. Gudiene, N., Banaitis, A., Banaitiene, N., & Lapse, J. [2013]. “Development of a conceptual critical success factors model for construction projects: acase of Lithuania”. Procedia Engineering, 57, 392-397.
22. Gunduz, M. & Almuajebh, M. [2019]. Critical Success Factors for Sustainable Construction Project Management. Sustainability, 12, 1-17.
23. Homthong, S. & Moungnoi, W. [2015]. Critical Success Factors Influencing Construction Project Performance for Different Objectives: Procurement Phase. International Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 9 [12], 1671-1682.
24. Idaka, I. I. & Anagbogu, G. E. [2012]. Research design. In Isangedighi, A. J. [Ed.]. Essentials of research and statistics in education and social sciences [64-77]. Calabar: Eti-Nwa Associates.
25. Ion-Elena, I. & Criveanu, M. [2016]. Organizational Performance – A Concept that Self-seeks to find itself. Annals of the Constantin Brâncuşi, 4/2016. Available online and retrieved from:,%20Criveanu.pdf. Retrieved on February 14th, 2019.
26. Iram, N., Khan, B., & Sherani, A. W. [2016]. Critical Factors Influencing the Project Success: An Analysis of Projects in Manufacturing and Construction in Pakistan. Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, 6, 20-22.
27. Irfan, M., Hassan, M., & Hassan, N. [2018]. Unravelling the Fuzzy Effect of Economic, Social and Environmental Sustainability on the Corporate Reputation of Public-Sector Organizations: A Case Study of Pakistan. Sustainability, 10, 769.
28. Jari, A. & Bhangale, P. [2013]. To study critical factors necessary for a successful construction project. International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering, 2, 331-336.
29. Jedwab, R. & Moradi, A. [2016]. The Permanent Effects of Transportation Revolutions in Poor Countries: Evidence from Africa. Review of Economics and Statistics, 98 [2], 1-14.
30. Kong, Y. & P. Loh, P. [2012]. Critical success factors for different components of construction projects. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 138, 520-528.
31. Kress, A. O. [2014]. Identification and Evaluation of Factors Influencing Variations on Building Projects. International Journal of Project Management, 36 [6], 22-30.
32. Leslie, A. W. [2018]. Human Resource Planning and Organisational Performance in National Insurance Corporation of Nigeria [NICON] Abuja. Retrieved from
33. Mahmood, A., Asghar, F., & Naoreen, B. [2014]. “Success factors on research projects at University” an exploratory study.” Procedia - Social Behavioral Science, 116 [21], 2779-2783.
34. Maina, B. M. [2016]. Influence of Stakeholders’ Participation on the Success of the Economic Stimulus Programme: A Case of Education Projects in Nakuru County. Kenya.
35. Malkoc, G. [2015]. The importance of road maintenance.
36. Marshall, C. and Rossman G. B [1999], ‘Designing qualitative research’, 3rd ed. London: Sage Publications.
37. Mohammed, A. K. & Isah, A. D. [2012]. Causes of delay in Nigeria construction industry. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary research in business, 4 [2], 785-794.
38. Muute, N. C. [2019]. Project planning practices and performance of construction projects in Nairobi city county, Kenya. Unpublished M.Sc Thesis. Kenyatta University, Kenya.
39. Nagarajan, K. [2012]. Project Management. 6th Edition, Publisher New Age International [P] Limited, New Delhi.
40. Nalianya, R. S. [2018]. Project management practices and performance of agricultural projects by community-based organizations in Bungoma country, Kenya. A thesis submitted to the school of business in fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of doctor of philosophy in business [project management] of Kenyatta University.
41. Nasir, A. R., Gabriel, H., & Choudhry, R. [2017]. Cost and time overruns in highway projects of Pakistan. In Sixth International Conference on Construction in the 21st Century [pp. 69–76]. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
42. Ogunde, A. O., Odje, D. E., Akinola, G., Ogundipe, K. Oloke, O. C., Ademola, S. A., Akuete, E. & Olaniran, H. F. [2017]. Factors Militating against prompt delivery of construction projects in Lagos MegaCity, Nigeria: Contractors’ perspective. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 8 [3], 217-226.
43. Oluwakiyesi, T. [2011]. Construction Industry Report, A Haven of Opportunities, Abuja: VETIVA Capital Management Limited, available: accessed 4/3/21.
44. Omer, O. & Haleema, H. [2017]. Assessment of Projects Using Key Performance Indicators in Oil and Gas Companies, Unpublished MSc Thesis, University of Tripoli, Lebanon.
45. Oyewobi, L. O., Jimoh, R., Ganiyu, B. O., & Shittu, A. A. [2016]. Analysis of causes and impact of variation order on educational building projects. Journal of Facilities Management, 14, 139–164.
46. PMI [2013]. A guide to Project Management Body of Knowledge [PMBOK Guide]. 5thEdition.
47. Pradhan, R. P., & Bagchi, T. P. [2013]. Effect of transportation infrastructure on economic growth in India: the VECM approach. Research in Transportation Economics, 38, 139–148.
48. Project Management Institute [2016], ‘A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge’ Project Management Institute, USA.
49. Project Management Institute [2017]. A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge, 6th ed. Project Management Institute, Inc.: Newtown Square, PA.
50. Ramlee, N. J. Tammy, R. M. Noor, A. A. Musir, N. A. Karim, H. B. Chan, S. R. M. Nasir, [2016] “Critical Success Factors For Construction Project”. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1774 [1], 1-7.
51. Santoso, D. S., & Soeng, S. [2016]. Analyzing delays of road construction projects in Cambodia: causes and effects. Journal of Management in Engineering, 32 [6], 1–11.[ASCE]ME.1943-5479.0000467.
52. Silitonga, E. S & Widodo, D. S. [2017]. Organizational Performance Analysis: Organizational Commitment, Competence and Organizational Culture [study on bekasi city government]. International Journal of Recent Scientific Research, 8 [4], 1 6 7 3 2 - 1 6 7 4 0.
53. Silva, G. K., Warnakulasuriya, B. F., & Arachchige, B. H. [2016]. Criteria for Construction Project Success: A Literature Review, International Conference on Business Management.
54. Simpson, J. [2022]. Productivity: Are you doing your job well? Find out by paying attention to this project success criteria. Available at:
55. Sweis. J., Sweis, R., Rumman, M. A., Hussein, R. A., & Dahiyat, S. E. [2013]. Cost Overruns in Public Construction Projects: The Case of Jordan. Journal of American Science, 9 [7s], 134-141.
56. Telsang, B. M & Raymond, M. H. [2014]. Exploiting organizational knowledge in developing IS project cost and schedule estimates: An empirical study. College of Business & Behavioral Sciences, Clemson University, 106 Sirrine Hall, Clemson, SC 296341305, United States.
57. Tengan, C. & Aigbavboa, C. [2019]. A principal component analysis of monitoring and evaluation determinants for construction projects delivery in developing countries. International Journal of Productivity and Quality Management, 27 [4], 420–434.
58. Tomal, D. R. & Jones, K. J. [2015]. A comparison of core competencies of women and men leaders in the manufacturing industry. The Coastal Business Journal, 14 [1], 13-25.
59. Vineeth, G. [2019]. The Role of Human Resource Planning in the Human Resource Network. International Journal of Creative Research Thoughts, 5, 1-10.
60. Whang, S., Park, K. S. & Kim, S. [2019]. Critical success factors for implementing integrated construction project delivery. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 26 [10], 2432–2446.
61. Project Management Institute [2013]. A guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge, fifth Edition USA.
62. Wang, N., Yao, S., Chiawu, C., & Jiang, D. [2015]. Critical Factors for Sustainable Project Management in Public Projects. International Association for Management of Technology, 5 [4], 226- 237.